Toloka documentation


crowdkit.aggregation.classification.majority_vote.MajorityVote | Source code

    on_missing_skill: str = 'error',
    default_skill: Optional[float] = None

Majority Vote aggregation algorithm.

Majority vote is a straightforward approach for categorical aggregation: for each task, it outputs a label which has the largest number of responses. Additionaly, the majority vote can be used when different weights assigned for workers' votes. In this case, the resulting label will be the one with the largest sum of weights.


In case when two or more labels have the largest number of votes, the resulting label will be the same for all tasks which have the same set of labels with equal count of votes.

Parameters Description

Parameters Type Description
default_skill Optional[float]

Defualt worker's weight value.

labels_ Optional[Series]

Tasks' labels. A pandas.Series indexed by task such that labels.loc[task] is the tasks's most likely true label.

skills_ Optional[Series]

workers' skills. A pandas.Series index by workers and holding corresponding worker's skill

probas_ Optional[DataFrame]

Tasks' label probability distributions. A pandas.DataFrame indexed by task such that result.loc[task, label] is the probability of task's true label to be equal to label. Each probability is between 0 and 1, all task's probabilities should sum up to 1

on_missing_skill str

How to handle assignments done by workers with unknown skill. Possible values:

  • "error" — raise an exception if there is at least one assignment done by user with unknown skill;
  • "ignore" — drop assignments with unknown skill values during prediction. Raise an exception if there is no assignments with known skill for any task;
  • value — default value will be used if skill is missing.


Basic majority voting:

from crowdkit.aggregation import MajorityVote
from crowdkit.datasets import load_dataset
df, gt = load_dataset('relevance-2')
result = MajorityVote().fit_predict(df)

Weighted majority vote:

import pandas as pd
from crowdkit.aggregation import MajorityVote
df = pd.DataFrame(
        ['t1', 'p1', 0],
        ['t1', 'p2', 0],
        ['t1', 'p3', 1],
        ['t2', 'p1', 1],
        ['t2', 'p2', 0],
        ['t2', 'p3', 1],
    columns=['task', 'worker', 'label']
skills = pd.Series({'p1': 0.5, 'p2': 0.7, 'p3': 0.4})
result = MajorityVote.fit_predict(df, skills)

Methods Summary

Method Description
fit Fit the model.
fit_predict Fit the model and return aggregated results.
fit_predict_proba Fit the model and return probability distributions on labels for each task.