# Expressions and helpers

Note

The task interface configuration guide describes the features of the HTML/JS/CSS editor. You can also try creating a task interface in Template Builder.

Handlebars is a template engine that uses templates to simplify HTML creation.

Templates look like regular HTML code with Handlebars expressions added to it. When the template is executed, the expressions are replaced with the input parameter values.

The toloka-handlebars-templates library is connected to the project by default. It contains a set of components and the TolokaHandlebarsTask and TolokaHandlebarsTaskSuite classes that are added to the basic [TolokaTask](../js/task.md) and [TolokaTaskSuite](../js/tasksuite.md) classes and extend them.

## Expressions

Expressions are enclosed in double curly brackets. In this case, their value is automatically escaped.

<input type="text" placeholder="{{i18n.hint}}" name="{{concat "field_" name}}" value="{{value}}">


If you need an unescaped value, you can:

• Put it in triple brackets: {{{raw}}}

• Write a helper that will return the unescaped value: return new Handlebars.SafeString(value)

Warning

Please note that this isn't safe! Always check the input data that you display in the template. You can escape the data in the helper using the Handlebars.Utils.escapeExpression method.

To get the value of a nested parameter in the Handlebars expression, separate the parameter names with a dot.

For example, if you have code in JSON format

{
"id": 123,
"title": "<b>Toloka</b>",
"url": "https://toloka.ai"
}
}


and you want to pull the values of the title and url parameters nested in link from it, specify the path to them using the dot separator:

id: {{id}}<a href="{{link.url}}">{{link.title}}</a>


Comments are also Handlebars expressions: {{!comment}} or {{!-- comment --}}.

## Helpers

Helpers are functions that you can use to pass any number of expressions. After processing the result, they return HTML code.

You can register your helper using the Handlebars.registerHelper method. Example:

The helper for escaping the title parameter from the above code in JSON format:

Handlebars.registerHelper('escape', (title, url) => new Handlebars.SafeString(<a href="${Handlebars.escapeExpression(url)}">${Handlebars.escapeExpression(title)}</a>));


Calling the helper:

{{escape link.title link.url}}


The result is HTML code with the escaped title parameter. The tag added in the helper remains unchanged:

<a href="https://toloka.ai"><b>Toloka</b></a>


Helpers can have other helpers as input. For this, enclose them in round brackets:

{{or (equal title "Toloka") (equal title "Google")}}


Note

Before creating your own Handlebars helper, look it up:

## Block helpers

Block helpers contain the functions for calling a passed block in a new context.

To indicate that you're calling a block helper, add a lattice to its name: {{#if}}. Unlike regular helpers, block helpers need to be closed. The block helper is closed in the same way as a regular tag: {{/if}}.

Handlebars already has built-in block helpers: If, Unless, Each, With.

### If

Block output by condition. If the argument of this helper returns "false," the block inside the helper will not be executed:

{{#if (equal id "123")}}
... {{!Code block only for id 123}}
{{else}}
... {{!Code block for all other values}}
{{/if}}


### Unless

The opposite of the if helper. Outputs the block if the argument returns "false."

{{#unless (equal id "123")}}
... {{!Code block for all id values different from 123}}
{{else}}
... {{!Code block only for id 123}}
{{/unless}}


### Each

The helper for sorting lists. To access the current item in the list, use this.

Note

To access an item that's not in the current block context, go up a level by using ../

For example, for a list

{
"id": 123,
{ "url": "https://toloka.ai", "title": "Toloka" },
]
}


, the helper that outputs the values of each list item (in this case, links) will look like this:

{{#each links}}
ID: {{../id}}
<a href="{{this.url}}">{{this.title}}</a>
{{/each}}


Inside the Each block, the following auxiliary expressions are available:

• {{@key}} — Name of the current key.
• {{@index}} — Current index.
• {{@first}} — True if it is the first element of the array.
• {{@last}} — True if it is the last element of the array.

In the above list, the helper

{{#each links}}
Global ID: {{../id}}
{{@index}}: <a href="{{this.url}}">{{this.title}}</a>
{{#unless @last}}<hr>{{/unless}}
{{/each}}


• The links will be numbered.
• A horizontal separator will be added after each link, except the last one.

### With

Rebinds the context.

For example, for code

{
"id": 123,
"title": "<b>Toloka</b>",
"url": "https://toloka.ai"
}
}


, the helper that displays the block in a different context, which helps to avoid using the name of the parent parameter, will look like this:

ID: {{id}}
<a href="{{url}}">{{title}}</a>
{{/with}}


## Reusing templates (partials)

Partials allow you to reuse sections of code. They are regular templates that can be called by other templates. Example:

You need to display the same type of layout in several places:

<h3>Field</h3>
{{field type="input" name="field_name"}}


To avoid copying the code, you can register a new partial:

Handlebars.registerPartial('formInput', '<h3>{{fieldTitle}}</h3>{{field type="input" name=fieldName}}');


Calling a template to insert a layout into the form:

{{> formInput fieldTitle="Field 1" fieldName="my_field"}}
<p>Paragraph with text</p>
{{> formInput fieldTitle="Field 2" fieldName="some_other_field"}}


Result:

<h3>Field 1</h3>
{{field type="input" name="my_field"}}
<p>Paragraph with text</p>
<h3>Field 2</h3>
{{field type="input" name="some_other_field"}}